Ahmedabad or Ahmadabad is the largest city in the state of Gujarat and the seventh largest city in India, with a population of more than 52 lakhs (5.2 million).Located on the banks of the River Sabarmati, the city is the administrative centre of Ahmedabad district, and was the capital of Gujarat from 1960 to 1970, the capital was shifted to Gandhinagar thereafter. The city is sometimes called Karnavati, a name for an older town that existed in the same location; in colloquial Gujarati, it is commonly called Amdavad.
The city was founded in 1411 to serve as the capital of the Sultanate of Gujarat, by its namesake, Sultan Ahmed Shah. Under British rule, a military cantonment was established and the city infrastructure was modernised and expanded. Although incorporated into the Bombay Presidency during the British rule in India, Ahmedabad remained the most important city in the Gujarat region.
The city established itself as the home of a booming textile industry, which earned it the nickname, "the Manchester of the East. The city was at the forefront of the Indian independence movement in the first half of the 20th century.It was the epicentre of many campaigns of civil disobedience to promote workers' rights, civil rights and political independence.