Thiruvananthapuram,formerly known as Trivandrum in English language, is the capital of the Indian state of Kerala and the headquarters of Thiruvananthapuram District. It is located on the west coast of India near the extreme south of the mainland. It is characterized by its undulating terrain of low coastal hills with wide, clean roads and busy commercial alleys. Mahatma Gandhi referred to this beach side city, built on hills as the "ever green city of India". With almost 745,000 inhabitants at the 2001 census, it is the largest and most populous city in Kerala; the wider urban agglomeration has a population of about one million.
The city is the state capital and houses many central and state government offices, organizations and companies. Apart from being the political nerve centre of Kerala, it is also a major academic hub in the state and is home to several educational institutions including the Kerala University, and to many science and technology institutions, the most prominent being the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC). The city also has the first Information technology park of its kind and first Biotechnology Centre, Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology (RGCB) of its kind in India. Situated near Kazhakuttom, Technopark is home to many of the leading information technology companies.